In this study session, you have learned that:
- Malaria is caused by a parasite that is spread by mosquitoes.
- A pregnant woman with malaria is more likely to have anaemia, miscarriage, early birth, small baby, stillbirth (baby born dead), or to die herself.
- It is important for pregnant women to avoid getting malaria — for example by using insecticide-treated bed nets — and to be treated quickly if they get sick.
- Malaria medicines may be costly and can have side-effects, but these medicines are much safer than actually getting sick with malaria, particularly during pregnancy. A usual anti-malaria medicine is Coartem.
- Iron helps the blood carry oxygen from the air we breathe to all parts of the body. Too little iron in a pregnant woman's diet means she will be short of breath because she is anaemic.
- Women with anaemia have less strength for childbirth and are more likely to bleed heavily, become ill after childbirth, or even die.
- Eating a diet rich in iron and folate, and taking these essential nutrients in tablets every day during pregnancy, can prevent anaemia from developing, and treat mild cases of anaemia.
- The urinary tract includes the kidneys, kidney tubes, bladder and urethra. UTIs are common during pregnancy and can be prevented by good hygiene.
- Bladder and kidney infections can be dangerous for the mother and can also cause her to start labour too early if they are not treated right away. Drinking a lot of clean liquids is often sufficient to flush the bacteria out of the body.
- Itching or burning while urinating is a common symptom of bladder infection; mild bladder infections can be treated with antibiotics.
- Kidney infection is paricularly dangerous and the woman should be referred immediately if she has cloudy or bloody urine, fever, and pain in the lower back.
Last modified: Tuesday, 20 May 2014, 1:19 PM