There are many difficulties with improving hygiene and sanitation; in particular there are many reasons why the behaviours listed in Table 10.1 may not be adhered to. These behavioural barriers differ from context to context. Results of a situation analysis used to complete the FOAM framework will help you to identify the most crucial WASH related behavioural barriers in your context.
The behavioural barriers may be the result of personal or socio-cultural factors, or may be due to service and infrastructure issues, or to economic or environmental factors. Here we present some of the most important WASH related behavioural barriers that you may encounter when conducting a situation analysis. Please note that the list is by no means exhaustive.